Preventive measures such as vaccination and parasite control help to protect the health of both humans and animals. Ask your vet!
Cats are highly individual animals, and generally very independent. As a result, it is often hard for owners to interpret their cats' behaviour or to spot changes early. This is complicated by the fact that cats tend to withdraw if they are ill or in pain.
The first signs of an infection may be listlessness, lack of appetite or fever. If your animal shows these symptoms, you should immediately consult a vet. Increased thirst, increased urination and frequent vomiting are other important symptoms that owners should be careful not to overlook or ignore.
Common diseases of (older) cats include:
Cats can be protected against some of these diseases by regular vaccination; vaccination is therefore strongly recommended.
See here for the vaccinations that the German Standing Committee on Veterinary Vaccination (StlKoVet) recommends for different types of cat. Cats should also be treated regularly to protect against roundworms and tapeworms and, where appropriate, against Giardia infestation. Cats should also have reliable, year-round protection against infestation with fleas and ticks, as these can transmit disease to both humans and animals.
An annual health check by a vet is recommended to ensure that your cat gets a thorough once-over. As part of this, the vet will check the function of its heart and kidneys, and examine its eyes and mouth. Older animals in particular are prone to tartar build-up.
By providing plenty of exercise, a balanced diet tailored to the cat's needs, food supplements, and appropriate living conditions, you can help to strengthen your cat's immune system and support its health and well-being.